As technology progresses, the use of it rears its head during divorce cases. One such form of technology is the use of a GPS in a spouses vehicle. In a reported (precedential) opinion decided on July 7, 2011, in the case of Villanova vs. Innovative Investigations, the Appellate Division affirmed a trial court’s granting of summary judgment, effectively dismissing a husband’s invasion of privacy claim.
In this case, the wife , in the midst of divorce proceedings, hired a private investigator to follow her husband. The private investigator later suggested that the wife put a GPS device in the family vehicle driven by the husband and she did. She later used the findings in the divorce case. During the divorce case, the husband amended his divorce pleading to seek invasion of privacy damages against the wife. He also tried to add the defendant’s in this case, the private investigator as a defendant in the divorce case but the court would not allow that. The husband ultimately abandoned his tort claim against the wife in their settlement but reserved his rights to pursue his claim against the private investigator.
The invasion of privacy claim in the case against the private investigator was ultimately dismissed because the court found that there is no expectation of privacy driving over public roads.