The Appellate Division recently issued a reminder in Ort v. Ort, A-3535-06T1 (App. Div. June 17, 2008) that, unlike a parenting time coordinator, a custody and visitation mediator may only “assist the parties in resolving disputes as to major decisions regarding the children,” and “may not make any recommendation to the court respecting custody or visitation.” 

At issue was a father’s post-judgment motion for a change in the method of delivery of letters, cards and gifts to his eight unemancipated children. During the initial divorce litigation in 2003, the Court had appointed a custody and visitation mediator. After the school attended by one of the children indicated in 2006 that it would longer accept items sent by the father to the child at the child’s school, the father consulted with the previously appointed mediator who, without discussing the matter with either the former wife or children, recommended a neutral site for distribution of the items for all of the unemancipated children. The father filed a motion requesting same, which was denied by the Court. The father than submitted a more detailed letter from the mediator explaining why he recommended the use of a neutral site. After the Trial Court reaffirmed the motion denial on reconsideration, the father filed an appeal based, in part, on the judge’s alleged failure to consider the mediator’s letter.

Affirming the Trial Court’s ruling, the Appellate Division added as a potent afterthought that the Trial Court mistakenly referred to the mediator in rendering its decision as a “parenting coordinator.” The Appellate Division then cogently distinguished a coordinator from a mediator, indicating that the mediator, unlike the coordinator, may not make custody or visitation recommendations to the court. It also made clear that, even if the mediator there was actually a coordinator, that he had not engaged in best practices by making recommendations without having previously consulting with both parents and the attorney for the children.

Ort serves as a refresher on the core principle that a custody and parenting time mediator must try to resolve outstanding issues between the parties by maintaining neutral throughout the course of the mediation process. This is accomplished by ensuring complete confidentiality and instilling in the process a sense of what the Appellate Division has previously referred to as “trust and confidence.” For a mediator to make recommendations as that seen in Ort not only poses an “inherent conflict” by going beyond the bounds of the mediator’s essential role, but it also demonstrates a tainted bias in favor of one party over the other – in other words, exactly what a mediator should not be doing.    

As the Appellate Division said in Isaacson v. Isaacson, 348 N.J. Super. 560, 578 (App. Div. 2002), mediators are “critical to the administration of justice in the Family Part.” The same can obviously be said of parenting coordinators upon whose recommendations judges greatly rely. It is therefore vital that these roles remain separate so that each may perform its own role unclouded by the other’s obligations towards facilitating an effective resolution for the parties involved.

To read the Ort case, click here.