Technology is making it easier and easier to satisfy our curiosity about just what the heck the people in our lives are up to. Are you curious about your husband’s whereabouts? You could plant a GPS device on his car. Do you want to know what your wife is saying to the kids? There are
About a month ago, I blogged on a case that held that putting a GPS in a spouse’s car was not an invasion of privacy because cars travel on public roads and there is no expectation of privacy. That said, invasion of privacy is a tort so this case really did not address the domestic violence/stalking implications of the conduct. In fact, at the end of the post, I said:
Now, should people going through a divorce take this as a green light to start placing GPS devices in their spouse’s vehicle. Perhaps not. There have been some that have argued and some judges have found that that conduct would amount to domestic violence – perhaps harassment or stalking. Of course, that begs the question of how the alleged victim could demonstrate the requisite fear or be alarmed, if the did not know of the placement of the GPS and similarly, how it would be stalking if the person did not know that the GPS was recording their movements. I have no doubt that there will be more to come on this.
Little did I know that more was going to come so soon. That is, until I read L.J.V.H. v. R.J.V.H., an unreported Appellate Division opinion decided yesterday. In that case, the court found that the putting a GPS device in an ex-wife’s new boyfriend’s car was stalking and thus domestic violence.
Apparently, this was not the defendant’s first foray into the use of a GPS. At the commencement of the original divorce a year prior, the defendant had put a GPS on the wife’s car. She obtained a TRO which was ultimately resolved by a consent order in the divorce case for restraints, including restraints on stalking.