In cases where a party owns a business, as justification for a disproportionate split of the business in equitable distribution, we often hear that the titled spouse has to be rewarded for their effort, ingenuity, ideas, etc. related to the business. While arguably those things could be part of the analysis of the statutory factors, there really is not any law suggesting that this must be so. In fact, the real justification that I can really get my arms around as to why a business would be disproportionately distributed is the fact that it is often pregnant with capital gains. While the law is pretty clear that we cannot reduce the value because of hypothetical tax consequences, we can certainly look to same in the percentage distribution. This makes sense because the failure to do so may actually give the non-titled spouse a greater percentage if taxes are ignored.
That said, I have heard this "sweat equity" argument over the years but have rarely seen a case where it was articulated. That is until today when the Appellate Division released the unreported (non-precedential) opinion in Falkowski v. Falkowski.
In this case, the husband renovated two homes., purportedly without the assistance of the wife. The first was a premarital home which he renovated during the marriage. The second, renovated after the parties’ child was born and she left the workforce, was purportedly done on his days off (he worked full time as well.) For the first house, the husband’s "sweat equity" garnered him an additional 5% of the equity in the asset. For the second home, the husband received 65% and the wife 35%. In so ruling, the judge said:
[Husband] worked for five years to build that house into what it is, I gather, today. The testimony was pretty clear. Aside from the fact that [wife] had no say in it, and [husband] did all this with his friends, over five years he gutted everything to the frame. And he replaced everything. And he was fairly passionate when he testified about it too, all the work he did.
. . . . [I]t was a monumental amount of work. I was impressed with the fact that he
basically took the house down to its bare frame and bare rafters and built the entire
thing over. For those reasons I am not splitting this asset equally either. I
believe it’s fairer to recognize that sweat equity and give him 65% of the net value and give [wife] 35% of the net value.